The Financial Services Authority (FSA) yesterday fined Merrill Lynch International £150,000 for failing to accurately report certain transactions.
Over a period of almost 10 years, Merrill Lynch executed an estimated 1.2 million transactions in non-UK European equities. These transactions were incorrectly reported because they showed the firm's status as 'agent' rather than 'principal'. This was because the transaction reporting system was set to report trades from the client's perspective rather than the firm's perspective.
The error in the transaction reporting system was not spotted by Merrill Lynch until December 2005. This was despite a warning from the FSA in November 2002 and subsequent discussions with the FSA about certain transactions in 2004 and 2005. During this time the firm made several improvements to the systems and controls to report transactions, and increased the seniority of the team overseeing reporting, but improvements did not focus on the content of the reports.
Merrill Lynch reported the transaction failures to the FSA in January 2006. The FSA said it has co-operated fully with the investigation. The firm completed a systems change to correct the error, and has revised the testing mandate to include all mandatory fields.
The FSA considers accurate transaction reports to be critical to its ability to maintain confidence in the financial markets and reduce financial crime.