Physics Nobel Prize Highlights Importance Of Graphene In Tech Future

Two Russian scientists from the university of Manchester have been awarded this year's Nobel Prize in Physics following their pioneering research on Graphene, an exotic form of carbon that could revolutionise technology as we know it.

Graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon atoms that are packed in a honeycomb crystal structure which gives it its flexibility and its strength and has been hailed as the rockstar of the world of materials by some.

It has some interesting physical and electrical properties, like the fact that it is a good conductor of electricity while being almost transparent and being extremely strong.

Researchers expect graphene to be used in computer displays, solar panels, touch screens and even replace Silicon in the production of super fast transistors and integrated circuits.

IBM for example has been able to produce graphene transistors that could toggle between states at 100GHz, which is roughly 20 times faster than the current champion, the 5.2GHz IBM z196 processor.

Scientists however are looking for more economic ways of producing the material on an industrial scale with even less waste than current techniques.