Google has signed a deal with Hachette Livre of France to scan around a million out-of-print French books.
The books will then be made available for purchase as ebooks from the Google Books platform.
The deal is being hailed by Google as a template for future deals with publishers from around the world.
"Both parties see this as an opportunity to breathe new life into Hachette Livre's dormant out-of-print works for the benefit of authors," Google and Hachette Livre said in a joint statement.
The company is currently battling a number of lawsuits filed by authors and book publishers in the US and Europe for scanning their copyrighted material without prior permission.
The US Department of Justice is also scrutinising Google's efforts to create a massive digital books store.
According to Google Books Director Dan Clancy, Hachette, the second largest book publisher in the world, will set the prices for alll the books and decide which books can be scanned by Google.