Brazil looks set to strike a blow against international anti-piracy treaty ACTA, with a bill under discussion in the country's parliament that sets out a civil rights-based framework for the internet.
The country has been the most outspoken among the BRICS group of emerging economies - including Russia, India, China and South Africa - to challenge the US-led Anti Counterfeiting Trade Agreement, none of them having been involved in its behind-closed-doors negotiation.
Criticised for protecting the vested interests of big business in the developed world, ACTA includes some fairly draconian provisions to rooting our infringements of copyright and patents - provisions that are directly called into question by the Brazilian legislation.
An English translation of the bill can be found here, but key provisions include protection of net neutrality and the privacy and personal data of individuals - directly contrary to the carte blanche given by ACTA for copyright holders to demand traffic logs from ISPs to identify alleged offenders.
The legislation also directly addresses the so-called "three strikes" rule advocated by ACTA, which sees internet users' connections terminated after three warnings for illegal downloading.