strong>Over 200,000 Britons may have fallen for online romance scams, according to research led by the University of Leicester.
Many more love-hungry suckers inhabit these septic isles than previously thought, if the reasearch is to be believed. Some two per cent of those questioned said they knew someone 'personally' who had fallen victim to a love scam, which sounds rather less than scientific to us. Maybe they all knew the same bloke.
The format well known: 'Sexy bird, big jugs, gagging for it, seeks man to pamper and lavish with gifts and well-practised lips' - who could resist? Women apparently fall for army officers' photographs on online dating sites and social networking sites.
In many cases, after a long-distance relationship is struck upsome tradegy will strike for which money sent to the long-distance love seems the only cure.
The researchers reckon the rpoblem is more widespread than official figures suggest because victims are too embarrassed to cough up to having wired their life savings to a hairy biker gang in Romania, believing them to be a lovelorn Pamela Anderson lookalike. Well you would wouldn't you?
The study led by Professor Monica Whitty, a psychologist and Professor of Contemporary Media at the University of Leicester, and Dr Tom Buchanan, a psychologist at the University of Westminster aimed to investigate the prevalence of victims in Great Britain and learn how widely the crime is known, as well as how people are learning about it.
Action Fraud, the national fraud reporting and advice centre run by the National Fraud Authority, identified 592 victims of this crime between 2010-11. Of these victims, 203 individuals lost over £5,000.
According to the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) romance fraud is organised crime, usually operating from outside the UK. Criminal groups make initial contact with potential victims through online dating sites and social networking sites, and will try to move the ‘relationship’ away from monitored online space before defrauding people of what can amount to large sums of money.
In some cases, even when victims cannot, or will not, send money, scammers involve them instead in money laundering by asking them to accept money into their bank accounts.
Investigations by SOCA have seen financial losses experienced by victims of online romance scams of between £50 and £240,000. Scammers’ victims also suffer what is effectively a bereavement, from the loss of a relationship they believed to be genuine.
The researchers surveyed over 2,000 people through an online YouGov survey and estimated from the results that over two hundred thousand British citizens have fallen victim to the crime. They further estimate over one million people personally know someone who has been scammed.
Professor Whitty, said: “Our data suggests (sic) that the numbers of British victims of this relatively new crime is much higher than reported incidents would suggest. It (sic) also confirms law enforcement suspicions that this is an under-reported crime, and thus more serious than first thought.
“This is a concern not solely because people are losing large sums of money to these criminals, but also because of the psychological impact experienced by victims of this crime.
“It is our view that the trauma caused by this scam is worse than any other, because of the ‘double hit’ experienced by the victims – loss of monies and a ‘romantic relationship’.
“It may well be that the shame and upset experienced by the victims deters them from reporting the crime. We thus believe new methods of reporting the crime are needed.”
Professor Whitty added that the results of the research suggest warnings about the fraud are reaching about half of the British population: “This provides us with a marker for future research in preventive measures. It may well be, of course, that knowledge of the crime does not prevent it. However, it is important to compare knowledge of the crime and number of victims in future studies.”
SOCA’s Colin Woodcock, Senior Manager for Fraud Prevention, said: “The fact that 52% of respondents were aware of romance scams shows that progress has been made in raising awareness, but also that millions of people in the UK remain at risk of being successfully targeted by the crime groups committing this type of fraud.
“The perpetrators spend long periods of time grooming their victims, working out their vulnerabilities and when the time is right to ask for money. By being aware of how to stay safe online, members of the UK public can ensure they don’t join those who have lost nearly every penny they had, been robbed of their self-respect, and in some cases, committed suicide after being exploited, relentlessly, by these criminals. It is crucial that nobody sends money to someone they meet online, and haven’t got to know well and in person.”