John McCarthy, the computer scientist to first coin the term ‘Artificial Intelligence' or AI 1in 1955 has passed away at the age of 84.
McCarthy not only defined the term Artificial Intelligence - the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, but also worked on robotics and development of the programming language LISP that is till date being used by the AI community across the globe.
Dr. McCarthy was trained as a mathematician and was responsible for pivotal advances in the field of mathematics. Beyond his work on AI, he is also known as the father of computer time-sharing model that proved to be a major development in the field of computing enabling multiple organisations across the globe to draw computing power from a single source, such as a mainframe reports the New York Times (opens in new tab).
"John McCarthy was foundational in the creation of the discipline Artificial Intelligence," said Noel Sharkey, Professor of Artificial Intelligence at the University of Sheffield reports BBC News (opens in new tab).
When given an option to choose between time-sharing work at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and AI, McCarthy chose AI. According to McCarthy, the prime effort would be to come up with computer programs that would be as good as humans at problem solving and achieving goals.