Despite storage being the foundation on which all digital information, data and applications reside, some people say working in the storage industry can be a thankless task at times, and the work often goes unnoticed as it predominantly occurs in the background. Storage is still a decision left until last when it comes to building the right IT infrastructure. Well, perhaps this is the way it should be?
This may go against what you would expect from someone who is working for one the world's largest storage vendors, helping it to compete in a highly competitive environment and develop its product portfolio. But unless we think like the businesses we supply, there is no way we can build a product portfolio that is going to support their needs. And ultimately this is what it's all about – how can storage support the business's key workloads and truly impact how they serve their customers, be it internal or external.
To understand the role that the storage layer is going to play in an enterprise-class IT infrastructure, we first need to help businesses understand the impact that the applications have on their performance, and in turn the level of performance they need from their storage to make sure they are getting flexibility and support they require.
Most organisations run databases that are mission critical to the operation of the business, and are essential to efficient, reliable servicing of customers queries and orders. In many cases the Database Application "is" the business. Without it, there is no business.
That said workloads can be broken down into three different levels of performance requirement:
Workloads that require extreme performance, for example, businesses with an online presence, or more importantly those whose business is solely online, require extreme customer performance at all times of the day.
Workloads that require varying levels of performance. At times access to data at speed is not needed, but then when a user requires extreme performance the system is able to manage this (this is the most usual type of workload a business will handle).
Workloads that require capacity but not necessarily the extreme performance as others.
As businesses have evolved with the development of the web, the speed of response and availability are often proportional to customer's perception of service and can have a direct correlation with customer relationship and retention.
It is not just customer interactions that require extreme performance at all times. As businesses continue to grow into the world of Big Data and real-time analysis for decision making and business function, access to Business Applications is often required to be available non-stop, achieving extreme levels of availability. A good example of this is the demand for 99.9999% availability in Revlon's business mode.
There are new challenges that organisations face around topics such as Time to Information, Time to Market, improving customer service levels, and keeping ahead of the competition. These growing demands and the near real-time demand for data access and analytics are leading many IT architects to turn to flash technology as an option to meet their business's data requirements.
Flash is very much seen as the 'new media' in storage, versus the more traditional hard disk based systems found in many enterprise infrastructures. Compared to hard disk, flash technology brings a higher level of performance and speed needed to handle the demand of real-time data access, and ultimately it gives IT development teams the ability to innovate by introducing new business applications.
Flash technology is not a one size fits all solution as there remains a significant, but closing, cost delta between flash and hard disk based systems. This is why it is imperative that businesses understand their business application workloads before deciding on the best storage implementation. The best solution is the one that balances performance and capacity.
For those specific workloads that need extreme speed, then all flash-arrays can be the solution. This would offer the best cost per IOPS of all the solutions available. For the workloads that need the burst of extreme performance but require a level of cost efficiency on £/GB, we would suggest taking a hybrid, flash/HDD approach. This graph shows the trade-off:
The key difference between the all-flash and the hybrid approach is the latency levels. A hybrid array will utilise flash to give a good average of latency, whereas an all-flash array will give a consistent, predictable low level of latency. It doesn't mean that one is a better approach than the other, depending on workload latency will or will not be an issue – and we are only talking milliseconds in difference. For many a hybrid approach has become the 'new normal' when it comes to managing most common workloads.
As discussed previously, more and more businesses are starting to consider all-flash arrays as viable storage solutions for their business applications. A lot of this has to do with the reduction in cost of flash, and with intelligent management and a higher level of predictability, endurance of flash drives is no longer an issue.
This has led to next step in flash, the introduction of Multi-level Cells (MLC) and Triple-level Cells (TLC), which are basic multiplications of Single-level Cells (SLC) found in current flash set-ups. They increase the 0 and 1s that can be stored, from two for SLC, four for MLC and eight for TLC. This drastically improves performance but does somewhat impact endurance and reliability, meaning that the industry still has some work to do to make sure that TLC in particular is enterprise-class.
That said, in a few years' time the industry is going to be at a very interesting impasse as it is predicted that in 2017 the cost of TLC will drop below SAS HDDs for the first time. SAS HDDs are the performance drive in comparison to the SATA HDD, which is built for capacity. These pricing crossroads will mean that enterprises will have a decision to make on whether full-flash arrays are going to be the best option to manage the increasing level of real-time data needs to be accessed.
No-one can be totally sure what the business workloads of the future will be, but if we look back three to five years ago business data analysis applications didn't really exist; now they are seen as a key driver in creating business value through data. As these workloads have evolved, next-generation applications have been designed with flash in mind – not drive that use spinning disks. It is has become the natural evolution of storage, from tape, to disc, to now flash cells.
One thing can be guaranteed, the storage industry will continue to innovate to meet the changing demands of the customers. But for the businesses looking to take advantage of these innovations they first need to understand the applications that are imperative to keeping them competitive through intelligent capacity and performance planning.
Those businesses that don't do this face playing a game of catch up, however as the speed of innovation increases, any hesitation may see their competitors streak ahead – as quick as a flash.
To find out more about a wide range of storage solutions to help you excel in a highly competitive environment and develop your product portfolio, join us at Data Centre EXPO (8th-9th October).
Laurence James is solutions marketing manager for Product Alliances
Register now at www.ipexpo.co.uk